ANAKPAWIS, MAKABAYAN FILE HOUSE RESO 1130 ON THE PERPETUATION OF HACIENDAS AND LANDLESSNESS IN THE COUNTRY

ANAKPAWIS, MAKABAYAN FILE HOUSE RESO 1130 ON THE PERPETUATION OF HACIENDAS AND LANDLESSNESS IN THE COUNTRYANAKPAWIS, MAKABAYAN FILE HOUSE RESO 1130 ON THE PERPETUATION OF HACIENDAS AND LANDLESSNESS IN THE COUNTRY

Republic of the Philippines
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Quezon City

SEVENTEENTH CONGRESS

First Regular Session

HOUSE RESOLUTION NO. 1130

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INTRODUCED BY REPRESENTATIVES
ARIEL B. CASILAO
CARLOS ISAGANI T. ZARATE, EMMI A. DE JESUS, ANTONIO L. TINIO,
ARLENE D. BROSAS, FRANCE L. CASTRO, AND SARAH JANE I. ELAGO
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RESOLUTION
DIRECTING THE COMMITTEE ON AGRARIAN REFORM TO CONDUCT AN INVESTIGATION, IN AID OF LEGISLATION, ON THE STATE OF LANDLESSNESS AMONG FILIPINO FARMERS, PERPETUATION OF FORMER AND PRESENT HACIENDAS AND THE URGENT NECESSITY FOR LAND DISTRIBUTION, AS STEP TOWARDS THE ATTAINMENT OF GENUINE AGRARIAN REFORM IN THE COUNTRY

WHEREAS, the centuries-old problem of landlessness in the Philippine agrarian society have been instigated and engraved with semi-feudal and feudal forms of bondage; land monopolies on vast haciendas and plantations by hacienderos, local landlords, local and foreign capitalists to gain profits was facilitated by the government’s adherence to recommendations of foreign countries, primarily by the United States, through international instruments such as the World Bank, and its neoliberal manifestations as promoted by past and present medium-term development plans;

WHEREAS, the hacienda system in the Philippines originated during the Spanish colonialism, as development to its preceeding encomienda system, where the foreign and local elites enjoyed monopoly control over vast tracks of agricultural land in the country, as well as the fruits of the labor of our ancestors or the surplus product from cultivated from land;

WHEREAS, during the 1896 Philippine revolution led by Katipunan, it was landlessness that drove Filipino farmers to join the upheaval, and their broad support and active involvement significantly contributed to its national liberation character, as farmers from various regions of the country demanded freedom from Spanish colonialism;

WHEREAS, after more than a century and in supposedly modern era, the hacienda system and its corresponding social relations still persist, with slight variation, as the dominant class is already composed of local hacienderos, local and foreign businesses and even the government, with poor farmers remaining at the disadvantaged position;

WHEREAS, farmers and farmworkers in the haciendas is a concrete example of a failed land reform in the country; even the past presidents, innumerable land reform bills were enacted only to serve the hacienderos and local landlords that resulted to landlessness, land grabbing and displacement;

WHEREAS, with the many agrarian reform laws enacted since the Commonwealth period and post-World War II administrations, until the Presidential Decree No. 27 of the Marcos dictatorship, Republic Act No. 6657 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of the Corazon Aquino administration, and its extension laws, landlessness remain unresolved as farmers across country are still demanding genuine agrarian reform, in the form of free distribution of land;

WHEREAS, according to Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (Peasant Movement of the Philippines, KMP), the following are the highlighted haciendas and plantations owned by hacienderos, oligarchs, local and foreign capitalists that need to be distributed to poor and landless Filipino farmers for the rural development and economic stability of the Philippines:

 

Name of Haciendas Provinces Area (hectares)
Hacienda Bayaua Isabela 78,891
Hacienda Esperanza Pangasinan 39,000
Hacienda de Calamba Laguna 18,502
Hacienda Reyes Quezon 13,000
Hacienda Sta.Isabel and Hacienda San Antonio Isabela 11,176
Hacienda De Santos Nueva Ecija 9,700
Hacienda Calatagan Batangas 9,653
Hacienda Looc Batangas 8,650
Hacienda Lian Batangas 7,800
Hacienda Roxas Batangas 7,183
Hacienda Yulo Laguna 7,100
Hacienda Tinio Nueva Ecija 7,000
Hacienda Luisita Tarlac 6,453
Tumbaga Ranch Quezon 6,000
Hacienda San Antonio, Araal, Cainaman, Fe, Adelina, Candelaria & Caridad, Balatong, Soledad, Nieva, Bonifacio Negros occidental 5,031
Hacienda Matias Quezon 5,000
Hacienda Dinalupihan Bataan 4,150
Hacienda Escudero Laguna 4,000
Hacienda Dimzon and Zulueta in Benito Soliven Isabela 3,087
Araneta Estate Bulacan 3,000
Hawkins Estate Cagayan 3,000
Hacienda Juanito Uy Quezon 2,415
Hacienda Puyat Batangas 2,400
Hacienda San Pedro Tunasan Laguna 2,287
Hacienda Agoncillo Batangas 2,015
Hacienda Dolores Pampanga 2,000
Hacienda Felicidad Intal Cagayan 1,954
Pujalte Estate Palawan 1,265
Hacienda Bueno Nueva Ecija 1,200
Hacienda Sevillana and Hacienda Ballao Isabela 1,151
Hacienda Banilad, Palico, Kaylaway Batangas 2,944
Hacienda Cojuangco Tarlac 1,031
Hacienda Manzano-Rubio Batangas 1,003
Hacienda Juanito Tan Quezon 1,000

 

WHEREAS, moreover KMP asserted, that aside from the perpetuation of haciendas in the country, the facilitation of land monopoly through promotion of agricultural plantation, the declaration by the government of reservations covering tens of thousands of hectares, as well as government programs and projects, contributed to the worsening landlessness among farmers, and some are the following:

 

Name of Plantation, Reservations Provinces Area (hectares)
DMCI – Consunji IFMA contracts Sultan Kudarat 102,954
California Energy Casecnan Watershed Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya 57,930
Fort Magsaysay Military Reservation Nueva Ecija 48,070
Clark Green City Tarlac, Pampanga 36,000
Dole Philippines South Cotabato 35,433
Camp Gen. Macario B. Peralta, Jr. Military Reservation Capiz 33,310
Davao Penal Colony Davao Del Norte 30,000
Del Monte Philippines Bukidnon 30,000
San Miguel Corp. Energy Compostela valley 19,000
Palawan Palm & Vegetable Oil Mills Inc. and its sister company Agumil Philippines Inc. Palawan 15,000
Aurora Pacific Economic and Freeport Zone (APECO) Aurora 13,000
Sumifru Davao City 12,370
Tagum Agricultural Development Corporation (TADECO) Davao Del Norte 10,000
Filipinas Palm Plantations Industries Inc. Agusan del Sur 8,430
Japanese-Taiwanese-Filipino Consortium, Green Future Innovation Biofuel plantation Isabela 7,000
Lapanday Corporation Davao city 5,800
T’Boli Agricultural Development Inc (TADI) South Cotabato 5,000
A. Brown Company Incorporated (ABCI) Cagayan de Oro 2,800
Agumill Inc. Maguindanao 1,815
Agusan Plantations Inc. Agusan del Sur 1,800
Kenram Philippines, Inc. Sultan Kudarat 1,600
Unifrutti Philippines Davao City 1,500
Hacienda Bueno Nueva Ecija 1,200
Marsman Estate Plantation, Inc., Marsman-Drysdale Agribusiness Holdings, Inc. (MDAHI) Davao del Norte 1,071

 

WHEREAS, last year, then-presidential candidate Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte announced that farmers endured a total failure of land reform under the past administration and vowed more support services, alongside land distribution;

WHEREAS, President-elect Duterte also announced his intention to resume the peace talks with the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) and promised an inclusive government, hence, his appointment of NDFP nominee, former KMP National Chairperson and former Anakpawis Party-list Representaitve Rafael “Ka Paeng” Mariano as Secretary of the Department of Agrarian Reform;

WHEREAS, with the president’s actions appreciated as favorable to the interest of poor farmers, DAR is presently working within the limitations of past agrarian reform laws, and for this reason, it is urging for a new law akin to House Bill No. 555 Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill (GARB), that proposes “free distribution of land to farmers;” a principle also adopted by the government panel in drafting the Comprehensive Agreement on Socio-Economic Reforms (CASER) with the NDFP;

WHEREAS, with the issue of landlessness still relevant at present and the concrete reality is driving farmers to demand genuine agrarian reform, many peasant organizations in the country are now holding their “bungkalan” (cultivation) campaigns, in order for them to directly benefit from the toiling of the land;

WHEREAS, in this light, the authors of this resolution, as duty-bound to serve the welfare of the marginalized sectors, intend with all fervor to press congress to scrutinize the state of landlessness in the country, as demonstrated by the perpetuation of haciendas and appreciate the urgency of free land distribution as sincere emancipation of poor farmers across the country;

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED AS IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED, that the Committee on Agrarian Reform to conduct an inquiry, in aid of legislation, on the state of landlessness among Filipino farmers, perpetuation of former and present haciendas and the urgent necessity for land distribution, as step towards the attainment of genuine agrarian reform in the country.

Adopted,

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